Mr. Doe had a family history of colon cancer. He also had a personal history of ulcerative colitis. He underwent regular colonoscopies.
In 2016, one of the pathology specimens collected during his colonoscopy found to be “indefinite dysplasia.” Dysplasia describes the presence of abnormal cells within a tissue or organ. Dysplasia is not cancer, but it may sometimes become cancer.
Mr. Doe’s treating gastroenterologist allegedly did not note this condition, dysplasia, in his record. Mr. Doe later received a letter indicating his results were normal. He then received a form letter stating that he was due for a repeat colonoscopy in 2019, but this was never done.